Beekeeping was not developed for honey production by any government across the world but for increasing the crop yield through pollination by bees. Honey is by-product of beekeeping.Bees collect pollen from male flower and nectar (honey) from female flower; hence the pollen is transferred from male to female flower resulting on fruit. The non pollinated female flowers will not fertilize to produce seed and go in vain.
The naturally occurring bee colonies will migrate to the flowering regions, but due to deforestation and extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, the bee’s population has decreased. So the pollination of crops decreased which resulted in poor crop yield.In order to overcome this humans designed bee hives in which bees were maintained & migrated to the flowering regions as required. This increased the pollination and crop yield. Honey was also made from these bee hives.
In general the returns from pollination is higher than that of honey, since crop yield increases by 30% on an average & this will vary based on crops. The interesting thing in beekeeping is crop yield increases to 30% without any additional labor or cost & honey also makes money.
There is no other technique in agriculture which will provide double income like beekeeping.