Beekeeping was not developed for honey production by any government across the world but for increasing the crop yield through pollination by bees. Honey is by-product of beekeeping.Bees collect pollen from male flower and nectar (honey) from female flower; hence the pollen is transferred from male to female flower resulting on fruit. The non pollinated female flowers will not fertilize to produce seed and go in vain.
The naturally occurring bee colonies will migrate to the flowering regions, but due to deforestation and extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, the bee’s population has decreased. So the pollination of crops decreased which resulted in poor crop yield.In order to overcome this humans designed bee hives in which bees were maintained & migrated to the flowering regions as required. This increased the pollination and crop yield. Honey was also made from these bee hives.
In general the returns from pollination is higher than that of honey, since crop yield increases by 30% on an average & this will vary based on crops. The interesting thing in beekeeping is crop yield increases to 30% without any additional labor or cost & honey also makes money.
There is no other technique in agriculture which will provide double income like beekeeping.
Mahatma Gandhi realized the importance of beekeeping and included it in rural developed program. Freedom fighters were trained in his Ashram at Wardha for handling bee colonies. Later freedom fighters spread and developed beekeeping in their respective sates.
The independent India went for rapid industrialization believing that all the people will be benefited. But the cities were benefited while the rural people migrated to cities as a result of unemployment. In order to eradicate this, a second phase of development was taken to provide employment through agro based industry. Huge investment was made in agro based industrial research & as a result India became a self sustained in food production.
Beekeeping is one of the important agro based industry which was developed by the government.